Qualifying Written Examination Overview

I. Introduction

The Qualifying Examination (QWE) is the second of a four-part Philippine Board of Pediatric Dentistry (Board) certification process and is designed to provide evidence toward validation of the candidate’s advanced training in pediatric dentistry. The PBPD has defined the content to be tested. The candidate is expected to have an in-depth knowledge of all topics. The QWE must be successfully completed before the candidate can register for the Case Presentation and then for the Clinical Oral Review Examination sections.

II. Application for Qualifying Written

An applicant for the Qualifying Written Examination must submit the completed application form for the Qualifying Written Examination and the P15,000.00 examination fee by November 15 of the preceding year.

III. Cancellation and Forfeiture of Fees for QWE

A. Cancellation prior to January 15 = PHP 6,000.00 processing fee

B. Cancellation after January 15 = PHP 10,000.00 processing fee

C. Failure to appear for 1st Monday of February exam = forfeiture of the examination fee of PHP 15,000.00

D. Examination fees are not transferrable from one year to another.

IV. Description of the Examination

The Qualifying Written Examination will composed of 700 objective, single-best answer, multiple choice items.The Applicant will have four (4) 3-hour sessions (total of 12 hours) to complete the examination in two days.

The QWE is intended to assess the Applicants’ understanding of the scientific and biological principles that support the practice of pediatric dentistry, as well as current literature relating to pediatric dentistry. The successful Applicant must demonstrate a well-rounded in-depth knowledge of pediatric dentistry. This examination is not intended to duplicate the clinical application of pediatric oral health care that will be tested during the another component of the certification process, the Clinical Oral Review Examination (CORE).

V. Examination Blueprint

All topic areas in the Qualifying Examination are given the same degree of emphasis and require in-depth level of knowledge.

Dental Sciences

A. Microbiology

  1. Biological etiology of caries
  2. Transmission of cariogenic bacteria
  3. Epidemiology and treatment of periodontal disease
  4. Immunology
  5. Research design
  6. Infection control

B. Prevention and anticipatory guidance

  1. Risk assessment
  2. Diet & nutrition
  3. Fluorides
  4. Remineralization
  5. Sealants
  6. Mouthguards
  7. Tobacco/substance abuse

C. Craniofacial growth and developing dentition and occlusion

  1. Anatomy and embryology
  2. Theories of growth
  3. Occlusal analysis
  4. Cephalometrics
  5. Habits
  6. Space management

D. Restorative dentistry and oral rehabilitation

  1. Dental materials
  2. Oral surgery
  3. Prosthetics
  4. Esthetic dentistry
  5. Operative dentistry

E. Oral diagnosis/oral pathology/oral medicine

  1. Radiology and radiation hygiene
  2. Dental anomalies
  3. Epidemiology and treatment of oral diseases
  4. Adjuctive diagnostic test
  5. Temporomandibular joint disorders
  6. Medical emergencies in the dental office

F. Special health care needs

  1. Common findings and general medical considerations of congenital syndromes/diseases/disorders
  2. Common findings and general medical considerations of acquired pediatric diseases/conditions
  3. Oral menifestations of congenital and acquired pediatric medical conditions
  4. Implications of SHCN for delivery of oral health care

G. Child development/behavior guidance

  1. Physical, psychological, and social development
  2. Principles of communication
  3. Anxiety and pain control
  4. Non-pharmacological behavior guidance
  5. Sedation and general anesthesia

H. Pulp therapy/orofacial trauma

  1. Pulp biology and pathology
  2. Indications and rationale for pulp treatment
  3. Orofacial trauma
  4. Soft tissue injuries
  5. Child abuse and neglect

Biomedical Sciences 

     A.              Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology

     B.              Pharmacology

     C.              Embryology

     D.              Genetics

     E.              Anatomy

     F.              Oral pathology

    G.              Biomedical ethics

    H.              Jurisprudence and risk Management

VI. Recommendations for preparation

The QWE is not based upon a single resource. Applicants should focus their attention on the scientific and biologic basis for pediatric dentistry, not clinical practices. Potential resources for study include textbooks on pediatric dentistry, pediatric medicine, craniofacial growth and development, dental trauma, and pulp therapy. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry’s Reference Manual and Handbook on Pediatric Dentistry should be considered valuable resources.

Because this examination is reviewed and revised annually, applicants are strongly encouraged to follow current dental and medical literature. Pediatric dentistry journals and periodicals such as the Journal of the American Dental Association, Journal of Dental Research, Dental Traumatology, and Pediatrics can be expected to serve as sources of test items on contemporary topics.

IX. Day of the Examination

No support materials will be allowed at the candidate’s examination station. No communication between candidates will be allowed during the examination. Failure to comply may invalidate the candidate’s examination results and prompt referral to the Board’s Ethics Committee. Candidates will be permitted to progress through each session of the examination at their own pace. Each session must be completed according to the time schedule for that session.

The examination will be of the objective type, containing only multiple-choice questions.

X. Grading

The examination will be scored on a Pass/Fail basis – one score for the entire examination. Results of the examination will be conveyed to the Board Eligible candidate within 60 days after the test is administered. Candidates who get a passing grade may go on to take the Case Presentation and the Clinical Oral Review Examination (CORE) sections.

XI. Re-examination Policy

Examinees who fail the QWE may retake the examination annually within their 6 -year eligibility period. The eligibility period begins when the candidate sits for his/her initial Qualifying Written Examination regardless of the outcome and terminates on December 31 of the 6th year.